East Asian corporations differ from their counterparts in other countries in important ways. Before the recent financial crisis these differences were viewed as one of the reasons for the success of East Asian economies. The crisis altered that view, and many scholars now argue that the weak corporate governance and financing structures of East Asian corporations are partly to blame for the recent crisis.
This paper reviews several features of East Asian corporations, showing that they have high leverage and concentrated ownership, are typically affiliated with business groups, and operate in multiple industries. These characteristics affected the performance of corporations prior to the crisis as well as their ability to deal with its aftermath. View this book in Amazon. World Bank Discussion Papers. Whilst Mudhorobah and Musyarokah have financing composition Shariah Banks are different from other financial institutions, and indeed from all other sectors, due to the possibility of bank system instability leading to credit contraction for all other sectors.
Difficulties at one bank can lead to sudden deposit withdrawals, and this can spread quickly throughout the banking system if depositors panic, resulting in financial contagion, systemic liquidity and instability. It should be noted that while banks runs are routinely called "panics", they should be viewed as investor flights to safety where information is poor and institutions are suspect.
Figure 4. This will be profit for the bank itself and client. This is greater than loan to deposit ratio of the conventional bank. Murabahah financing is similar to ijarah financing. The only difference lies in the object transaction. In a sale and purchase transaction the object is a product item; in an ijarah transaction, it can be a product or service and without a necessity to follow it with a transfer of ownership the object of lease.
Under ijarah schemes, Sharia Bank has financed construction services; increased from Rp 1. From the figure 3 above that Murobahah-ijaroh has combination values reach 0. They can be the most favorable Bank project financing. Therefore the GCG should be conducted and designed as the basic contribution and priority in beginning. The basic contribution and priority of the shariah banks to good corporate governance is through their monitoring function of their clients: evaluation of the creditworthiness of new projects; monitoring of ongoing performance of the project and the company; and assisting in the restructuring of client firms in distress.
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Effective monitoring requires that the bank should be independent of the borrower, and also of government pressures, so as to make objective lending decisions. And the bank itself must engage in good corporate governance practices, including disclosure rules and incentives. In order to strengthening Islamic Economics Studies in the future, further study on this Shariah Bank Good Corporate Governance is needed to do intensely. Wassalamualaikum wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakatuuh R.
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